Israel is home to a diverse range of indigenous grape varieties, including Carignan, Argaman, and Marawi, as well as popular international varietals such as Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. Israeli wines range from full-bodied reds to crisp whites, with a focus on producing high-quality kosher wines that undergo a pasteurization process to maintain their kosher status. Israel's wine regions include the Upper Galilee, the Judean Hills, and the Negev Desert, each with unique microclimates and soils that influence the wines' flavor profiles. The country's Mediterranean climate is ideal for wine production, with hot, dry summers and mild winters. Israeli winemakers use cutting-edge technology and sustainable practices to produce exceptional wines that reflect the unique character of the region.